# Introduction to FFT-based numerical methods for the homogenization of random materials

14-18 Mar 2022

Université Gustave Eiffel - Champs-sur-Marne (France)

### http://fft-workshop-22.sciencesconf.org

Analysis at the macroscopic scale of a structure that exhibits heterogeneities at the microscopic scale requires a first homogenization step that allows the heterogeneous constitutive material to be replaced with an equivalent, homogeneous material. Approximate homogenization schemes (based on mean field/effective field approaches) as well as rigorous bounds have been around for several decades; they are extremely versatile and can address all kinds of material non-linearities. However, they rely on a rather crude description of the microstructure. For applications where a better account of the finest details of the microstructure is desirable, the solution to the so-called corrector problem (that delivers the homogenized properties) must be computed by means of full-field simulations. Such simulations are complex, and classical discretization techniques (e.g. finite elements) are ill-suited to the task. During the 1990s, two french researchers, Hervé Moulinec and Pierre Suquet, introduced a new numerical method for the solution to the corrector problem. This method is based on the discretization of an integral equation that is equivalent to the initial boundary-value problem. Observing that the resulting linear system has a very simple structure (block-diagonal plus block-circulant), Moulinec and Suquet used the fast Fourier transform (FFT) to compute efficiently the matrix-vector products that are required to find the solution. During the last decade, the resulting method has gained in popularity (the initial Moulinec–Suquet paper is cited 134 times over the 1998–2009 period and 619 times over the 2010–2020 period — source: Scopus). Significant advances have been made on various topics: theoretical analysis of the convergence, discretization strategies, innovative linear and non-linear solvers, etc. Nowadays, FFT-based homogenization methods have become state-of-the-art techniques in materials sciences and are ready to be transferred to e.g. the industry. We propose a 5-day introductory course to FFT-based homogenization methods. This workshop is open to research students (M2 onwards) as well as researchers from both academia and industrial R&D. Each of the nine sessions of this workshop is composed of a theoretical lecture followed by hands-on applications (mostly on computers). CLASSES WILL BE HELD IN ENGLISH. REGISTRATION IS FREE, BUT COMPULSORY. It is recommended that attendants be familiar with the basic equations of continuum mechanics (linear elasticity in particular) and basic linear algebra. Some notions of optimization, weak formulations as well as programming in Python might be useful, too.

*Scientific domain*:

**Mechanics of materials**

Place of the conference